Cyclopædia of Political Science, Political Economy, and the Political History of the United States
ANDORRA, Republic of. A small independent state situated on the southern slope of the Pyrences between the French department of Ariége and the Spanish province of Lerida, having an area of 450 to 460 square kilometres, with a population of about 12,000. The republic of Andorra (Val d' Andorre) is under the protection of France which divides the suzerainty with the bishop of Urgel, in Spain, who exercises episcopal jurisdiction, assigns priests to the parishes, names one of the provosts and receives 450 francs yearly. France appoints the other provost and (alternately with the bishop of Urgel) the civil judge. A tribute of 960 francs is paid to France, but in return the republic enjoys certain customs-privileges.
—The government of the republic is carried on by the sovereign council, the 24 members of which are elected for life by the citizens. The council is presided over by a syndic, elected also for life by its members. The syndic is charged with executive power; the provosts and the civil judge with the administration of justice. The provost named by France must belong to the department of Ariége. The term of office is not fixed. The term of office of the provost appointed by the bishop of Urgel lasts only three years. He must be a citizen of Andorra.
—The revenues of the republic are derived from rents from the communal pasturages, from personal and land taxes. As all officers are unsalaried these revenues are intended to discharge the tributes to France and the bishop of Urgel.
—All citizens are obliged to bear arms and to come together at the summons of the provost to maintain order and public tranquillity.
—See Dalmaude, Baquer, Historia de la republica de la Barcelona, 1849.
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