Cyclopædia of Political Science, Political Economy, and the Political History of the United States
GREELEY, Horace, was born at Amherst, N. H., Feb. 3, 1811, and died near New York city, Nov. 29, 1872. He became a printer and a whig editor, founded the "New York Tribune" April 10, 1841, was a whig representative in Congress 1848-9, and was defeated in 1872 as liberal republican and democratic candidate for the presidency. The excitement of the campaign, the alienation of his personal and party friends because of his acceptance of the democratic nomination, and the sudden death of his wife, to whom he was tenderly attached, overwhelmed him, and he died of softening of the brain soon after the election.
—Until 1872 Greeley's personality was usually merged in his newspaper. He made it the most prominent of abolition newspapers, but by no means confined it to abolition. In it he especially advocated a high protective tariff and the expenditure of surplus revenue upon public improvements; but he opened it also to the discussion of Fourierism, dress reforms, the marriage relation, vegetarianism, and every other theory which seemed to him to offer a possibility of good. These discussions and his personal eccentricities of dress and manner, impeded any general popular recognition of his real solidity of sense; and his nomination, solely on the score of availability, by his life-long political opponents, the democrats, was a sheer absurdity. Nevertheless it opened the way for post-bellum politics, and in this way Greeley's death was a sacrifice which was not made in vain. (See
—See Greeley's Struggle for Slavery Extension, American Conflict, Recollections of a Busy Life, and Essays on Political Economy; Parton's Life of Greeley (1868); Reavis' Life of Greeley; Whitelaw Reid's Memorial of Greeley; Hudson's Journalism in the United States; Galaxy, March, 1878; Stowe's Men of our Times.
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