Cyclopædia of Political Science, Political Economy, and the Political History of the United States

Edited by: Lalor, John J.
(?-1899)
BIO
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Editor/Trans.
First Pub. Date
1881
Publisher/Edition
New York: Maynard, Merrill, and Co.
Pub. Date
1899
Comments
Includes articles by Frédéric Bastiat, Gustave de Molinari, Henry George, J. B. Say, Francis A. Walker, and more.
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DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

I.378.1

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, The, or The Federal District, a territory of the United States, originally ceded by Maryland, Dec. 23, 1788, and Virginia, Dec. 3, 1789, and accepted by Congress under article I., §8, ¶17, of the constitution, was organized by acts of July 16, 1790, and March 3, 1791. By acts of April 24 and May 13, 1800, the seat of government and the meetings of congress were removed to Washington (see CAPITAL, NATIONAL); and by act of Feb. 27, 1801, congress took complete control of the district, retaining the laws of Virginia and Maryland in the portions respectively acquired from those states (See SLAVERY, PETITION.) The 36 square miles west of the Potomac were retroceded to Virginia by act of July 9, 1846. (See TERRITORIES; ABOLITION, III.)

I.378.2

—For the acts above given, in their order as mentioned, see 1 Stat. at Large, 130, 214; 2 Stat. at Large, 55, 85, 103; 9 Stat. at Large, 35. (See also authorities under CAPITAL, NATIONAL.)

ALEXANDER JOHNSTON.

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