Cyclopædia of Political Science, Political Economy, and the Political History of the United States
COUNCILS OF WAR. This name is given to the meetings of military chiefs held with the object of deciding the course to be followed in exceptional circumstances during a campaign, a siege or a battle. Generally the commander in chief of an army acts only in accordance with his experience and good sense; but there are cases in which he feels the necessity or considers it as his duty to consult his subordinates on the chances of a doubtful operation, on the expediency of an attack, or on the possibilities of a defense. Sometimes similar meetings are held at the beginning of a campaign to decide on the plan of operations.
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