Tyranny Unmasked

Taylor, John
(1753-1824)
BIO
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Editor/Trans.
F. Thornton Miller, ed.
First Pub. Date
1822
Publisher/Edition
Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Fund, Inc.
LibertyClassics
Pub. Date
1992
Comments
Based on the 1st edition. Footnotes and Foreword by F. Thornton Miller.

1. Taylor, A Pamphlet Containing a Series of Letters (Richmond: E. C. Standard, 1809). See "Letters of John Taylor," Taylor to Monroe, 22 February 1808, 15 January and 8 November 1809, 10 February, 12 March, and 26 October 1810, and 31 January 1811 in John P. Branch Historical Papers of Randolph-Macon College, ed. William E. Dodd, vol. 2 (1908): 291-94, 298-306, 309-311, 315-19.

2. Perez Zagorin, The Court and the Country: The Beginning of the English Revolution (New York: Atheneum, 1970); Isaac Kramnick, Bolingbroke and His Circle: The Politics of Nostalgia in the Age of Walpole (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1968); and Caroline Robbins, The Eighteenth-Century Commonwealthman: Studies in the Transmission, Development and Circumstance of English Liberal Thought from the Restoration of Charles II until the War with the Thirteen Colonies (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1959).

3. Bernard Bailyn, The Ideological Origins of theAmerican Revolution (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1967); Gordon S. Wood, The Creation of the American Republic 1776-1787 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1969).

4. Richard E. Ellis, "The Persistence of Antifederalism after 1789," in Beyond Confederation: Origins of the Constitution and American National Identity, ed. Richard Beeman, Stephen Botein, and Edward C. Carter (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1987), 295-314.

5. Taylor, An Enquiry into the Principles and Tendency of Certain Public Measures (Philadelphia: Thomas Dobson, 1794); Lance Banning, The Jefferson Persuasion: Evolution of a Party Idealogy (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1978). Banning states that Taylor's 1790s pamphlets established him as "the most interesting and important Republican publicist" at the time, provided historians with "the most important source for an understanding of Republican thought," and they also "reveal more obviously than any other the Republicans' debt to English opposition thought," 192-3.

6. Taylor, A Definition of Parties: Or the Political Effects of the Paper System Considered (Philadelphia: Francis Bailey, 1794), 2-3.

7. Taylor, New Views of the Constitution of the United States (Washington: Way and Gideon, 1823).

8. John M. Murrin, "The Great Inversion, Or Court Versus Country: A Comparison of the Revolution Settlements in England (1688-1721) and America (1776-1816)," in Three British Revolutions: 1641, 1688, 1776, ed. J. G. A. Pocock (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980).

9. See the speeches of Taylor in The Virginia Report of 1799-1800, Touching the Alien and Sedition Laws, Together with the Virginia Resolutions of December 21, 1798, Including the Debate and Proceedings Thereon in the House of Delegates of Virginia . . . (1850; reprint, New York: Da Capo Press, 1970), 24-29, 111-22.

10. Ibid., p. 25. Taylor was so infuriated by the Alien and Sedition Acts and the Federalist defense of them that he advocated secession. See Jefferson to Taylor, 1 June 1798, in The Writings of Thomas Jefferson, ed. Andrew A. Lipscomb (Washington: The Thomas Jefferson Memorial Association of the United States, 1903-1904), 10:44-47.

11. The Virginia Report, 24-29, 111-22.

12. Taylor, A Pamphlet, quote from 12.

13. Taylor, Construction Construed, and Constitutions Vindicated (Richmond: Shepherd and Pollard, 1820), 22.

14. Ibid., 144.

15. Taylor, Tyranny Unmasked, 100.

16. Ibid., 102.

17. Taylor, Arator, Being a Series of Agricultual Essays, Practical and Political (1818; reprint, Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1977). See "The Rights of Agriculture," "Agriculture and the Militia," and the essays on "The Political State of Agriculture."

18. Most representative of this view is Robert E. Shalhope, John Taylor of Caroline: Pastoral Republican (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1980).

19. Taylor, News Views and An Inquiry into the Principles and Policy of the Government of the United States (1814; reprint, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1950).

20. Taylor, Tyranny Unmasked, 55.

21. Ibid., 49, 71.

22. Ibid., 9.

23. Ibid., 71.

24. Ibid., 78.

25. Steven Watts, The Republic Reborn: War and the Making of Liberal America, 1790-1820 (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987), pp. 16-28.

26. Taylor, Tyranny Unmasked, 157.

27. F. Thornton Miller, "John Marshall Versus Spencer Roane: A Reevaluation of Martin v. Hunter's Lessee," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 96 (1988): 297-314.

Section 1.

28. "Stockjobber" and "stockjobbing" were derogatory terms used to refer to stockbrokers and financial speculation (other than land speculation).

29. Taylor is referring to the vast expansion of banks and internal improvement projects during the Era of Good Feelings. The panic and depression that followed (called "the Panic of 1819") aggravated the distrust farmers felt toward banks. This was the economic context for the period during which Taylor penned his last three works, including Tyranny Unmasked.

30. "Junto" was generally a derogatory term used to describe a corrupt elite in control of a local or state or the federal government.

31. Jean Antoine Chaptal (1756-1832), French chemist and, under Napoleon, minister of the interior and director of commerce and manufactures; author of On French Industry (2 vols., 1819).

32. Stay-laws were passed by legislatures generally to postpone trials or the execution of judgments in debt cases. Advocates claimed that they were only temporary relief measures, passed during agriculturally depressed times. Critics contended that the prodebtor legislation compromised the ability of creditors to recover debts.

Section 2.

33. Adam Smith (1723-1790), Scottish political economist, was "venerable" for An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (2 vols., 1776). He also wrote Theory of Moral Sentiments (1759). See Foreword, p. xx.

34. Thomas Robert Malthus (1766-1834), British political economist, wrote Principles of Political Economy (1820). He also wrote Observations on the Effects of the Corn Laws (1814) and Inquiry into the Nature and Progress of Rent (1815), and is best known for his Essay on the Principle of Population (1798).

End of Notes

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